Chemical industry

Chemical/petrochemical industry


Development of the chemical industry provides for the maximum use of domestic raw materials, meets the vital requirements of other branches of the economy, broades the export potential of the industry and ensures sustainable development of agriculture.

The resources available in Turkmenistan allow for the production of all kinds of mineral fertilizers in volumes large enough to satisfy fully the country's internal requirements. This will also promote the rational use of agricultural land.

The planned volume of production will make it possible not only to significantly reduce the state's current outlays of hard currency for the purchase of fertilizers and to rule out the need to import them but also to create the necessary conditions for increasing the volume of the export of chemical products. In 2010 is predicted that the production of nitric fertilizers will reach 800 thousands tons.

By opening up a branch of industry for sulphur gas refining, Turkmenistan will have the opportunity to acquire cheaper raw materials for the production of sulphuric acid, the main component of phosphorous fertilizers. As a result, by 2010 the volume of their production will 5 times greater than in 2000.


Petrochemical industry

The Turkmenistan processing industry almost completely satisfies domestic demand for oil and gas processing products. Further plans to reconstruct existing and construct new and gas processing facilities are associated mainly with increases in the nation's export potential and developing affiliated branches of industry, primarily petrochemical.

Turkmenistan's oil-processing industry is composed of the Turkmenbashi Integrated Oil Refinery (TIOR) and the Seidy Oil Refinery (SOR) located in western and eastern Turkmenistan, respectively. TIOR's design capacity in terms of crude processing is 6.0 million tons annually; that of SOR is 6.0 million tons annually. Processing depth is 80% at TIOR and at 60% at SOR.

Oil refining in 2006 totaled 6.2 million tons, include gasoline of all grades, diesel fuel, black fuel oil, liquefied gas.

Since 1997 TIOR has been undergoing modernization and reconstruction of its production facilities, renovation of technological processes, and expansion of the range of products. This process has been launched in two stages. Stage one entails upgrading production facilities and ensuring the refinery's ability to process 6 million tons of raw material annually. With the completion of stage two, refinery output is expected to increase to 9 million tons annually and processing depth is anticipated to increase by 90%. 

In 2001, TIOR's first stage of reconstruction and the second stage in 2005 were completed. A new petrochemical plant was essentially established, which produces a line of 20 petroleum products, including motor and aviation fuel, furnace fuel oil, construction and road oil bitumen, petroleum cokes of various brands, lubricating oil, liquefied gas, polypropylene and synthetic detergents.

The gas processing industry is one of the youngest branches of Turkmen energy industry. No gas processing facilities was built in Turkmenistan during the Soviet era. Gas was treated at gas treatment and compression plants located at the fields. After Turkmenistan's independence, developing a modern gas processing industry became a priority for the energy sector.

In 2001, liquefied gas production in the republic totaled 111.200 tons, which fully satisfies domestic demand for this product and enables liquefied gas to be exported. In 2001, liquefied gas exports totaled 85.500 tons. In 2002 Turkmenistan already increased production of liquefied gas to 205.000 tons. Three liquefied gas production facilities currently operate in the country.

The contacts of "Turkmenhimiya" State Concern: (+993 12) 41 01 07, 43 83 72



    Another aircraft of the U.S. Boeing Corporation has joined the air fleet of the State National Service “Turkmenhowayollary” (Turkmenistan Airlines).